# Hybridization Theory: Understanding Molecular Geometry

# Contents:

Chapter 1: Why Hybridization Theory was Developed, Why is it Important to Visualize Atoms within a Molecule in Three-Dimensions.

Chapter 2: Review of s and p Atomic Orbitals, How sp3 Carbon Formed, Shape of sp3 Orbitals and Angles, Representation on Blackboard or in Book, Sigma Bonds, Free- Rotation of C-C Sigma Bonds, Conformational Analysis, Energy of Eclipsed and Staggered Conformations, Newman Projections, Dihedral Angles, Barrier of Rotation.

Chapter 3: How sp2 Carbon Formed, Shape of sp2 Orbitals and Angles, Representation on Blackboard or in Book, pi Bonds, Electron Density and Geometry of Double Bond, How to Draw Double Bonds in 3-D, Geometric Isomers (E and Z), Isomerization of Geometric Isomers.

Chapter 4: How sp Carbon Formed, Shape of sp Orbitals and Angles, Representation on Blackboard or in Book, How to Draw Triple Bonds in 3-D, pi Bonds, Electron Density and Geometry of Triple Bond.

Chapter 5: Deducing Hybridization of Atoms, Making the Leap from 2-D to 3-D via Hybridization Theory (Many Examples Worked for the Student), Heteroatom Hybridization, VSEPR, Deviations from Ideal Bond Angles, Nitrogen Inversion.

Students are also encouraged to download the accompanying study guide.

One of the perennial limiting factors for students learning chemistry is their inability to imagine molecules in three-dimensions. We have bridged this gap by employing new technologies to create state of the art three-dimensional animations within our teaching tool. Uniquely presented, students learn how to take a two-dimensional molecule off the blackboard during lecture and fold it into three-dimensions or envision a molecule in three-dimensions from a page in a book, which is arguably the most essential skill when learning Chemistry. Starting with the atomic orbital theory, the sp3, sp2, and sp hybrid orbitals are developed and utilized within many supplementary examples allowing the student exposure to Newman projections, conformational analysis, geometric isomers, deviations from ideal bond angles, nitrogen inversion, and many other interesting topics. Again, this DVD has been labeled, "a must have" to enhance the students understanding of how atoms within a molecule are oriented in three-dimensions. After all, the student who has the ability to visualize molecules in three-dimensions is rewarded with a better understanding of chemical properties, physical properties, and most importantly, the ability to predict chemical reactivity.

# Product Info:

Narration: Gordon W. Gribble, PH.D.

Copyright date: © 2008

Runtime: 34 Minutes

Format: DVD Video

Item#: 84501-11175

**Purchase Information**